The format of this page is
- A summary of the key points relevant up to 2020
- An online and printable version of the 2012/3 publication “one in a million”
- A summary of the main points raised by more recent papers and reports
- Access to a list of the key papers and reports published since 2012/3
- Access to an archive of other reports etc.
Key Points (Updated 2020)
- Fluorides are very common in the environment: they exist naturally in lakes, rivers, groundwater and the oceans.
- Reviews of the literature and environmental impact assessments have found no evidence of any adverse environmental effects resulting from water fluoridation.
- Water fluoridation could be described as environmentally friendly since it ensures maximum utilisation of natural resources, and reduces waste.