Around 6 million people in the UK are served by community water fluoridation schemes.  They live in parts of the West Midlands, East Midlands, North East, Cumbria, Cheshire, Lincolnshire, Humberside and Bedfordshire.

The first and largest scheme – serving more than a million people – was introduced in 1964 to serve the city of Birmingham and some of its neighbouring areas sharing the same Elan Valley water supply.

Other cities and towns with schemes include Newcastle upon Tyne, Gateshead, Consett, North Shields, Wallsend, Whitley Bay, Hexham, Alnwick, Workington, Whitehaven, Maryport, Crewe, Nantwich, Alsager, Scunthorpe, Lincoln, Grantham, Coventry, Dudley, Sandwell, Solihull, Walsall, Wolverhampton, Leamington Spa, Warwick, Rugby, Bromsgrove, Redditch, Droitwich, Evesham, Mansfield, Worksop, Retford, Bolsover, Burton on Trent, Lichfield, Tamworth, Rugeley, Cannock and Bridgnorth.